Semantically correct CSS pagination

Apr 2008

Here I show a method for generating pagination for search results and long list pages using semantically correct HTML and CSS.

Pagination as HTML Markup

I’ve modeled pagination as an un-ordered list of links. There are three class declarations so that I can identify the list “pagination” and the first and last items, “leader” and “last” respectively.

<ul class="pagination">
  <li class="first"><a href="?offset=0" ><< First</a>&lt/li>
  <li><a href="?offset=2"  ><</a></li>
  <li class="leader">Page 3 of 111</li>
  <li><a href="?offset=1"  >1</a></li>
  <li><a href="?offset=2"  >2</a></li>
  <li><a href="?offset=4" >4</a></li>
  <li><a href="?offset=5" >5</a></li>
  <li><a href="?offset=6" >></a></li>
  <li class="last"><a href="?offset=110" >Last >></a></li>

This markup is fairly straight forward to generate on the fly, but note that you’ll need the total count of items so that you can generate the Page 1 of COUNT.

This markup is a lot easier to generate that similar markup built with tables.

The CSS To Style The Pagination

/* Pagination
--------------------------------- */

ul.paginaton {
  list-style: none;

ul.pagination li {
  font-size: smaller;
  float: left;
  margin-left: 0px;
  border-top: 1px solid #006699;
  border-right: 1px solid #006699;
  border-bottom: 1px solid #006699;
  padding: 1px 3px 1px 3px;

ul.pagination li.last, ul.pagination li.last a {
  background-color: #006699;
  color: white;

ul.pagination li.first {
  background-color: #006699;
  color: white;
  margin-left: 1px;

ul.pagination li.first a {
  background-color: #006699;
  color: white;

ul.pagination li.leader, ul.pagination leader a {
  background-color: #006699;
  color: white;